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Plasma Sci. Technol. ›› 2018, Vol. 20 ›› Issue (12): 125401-125401.doi: https://doi.org/10.1088/2058-6272/aad9f1

• 低温等离子体 • 上一篇    下一篇

Experimental study on the jet characteristics of a steam plasma torch

  

  • 收稿日期:2018-05-23 出版日期:2018-10-09 发布日期:2018-07-25

Experimental study on the jet characteristics of a steam plasma torch

Fangyuan LIU (刘方圆), Deping YU (余德平), Cheng LV (吕程), Yazhou DUAN (段亚洲), Yanjie ZHONG (钟严杰) and Jin YAO (姚进)   

  1. School of Manufacturing Science and Engineering, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610065, People’s Republic of China
  • Received:2018-05-23 Online:2018-10-09 Published:2018-07-25
  • Supported by:
    The authors appreciate the support of the Key Research Program of the Sichuan Provincial Science and Technology Department, China (No. 2017GZ0096).

Abstract:

Thermal steam plasma jet is promising for applications in environmental industries due to its distinctive characteristics of high enthalpy and high chemical reactivity. However, the performance of the steam plasma torch for its generation is limited by the problems of the large arc voltage fluctuation and serious erosion of the electrodes. In this study, a gas-stabilized steam plasma torch which can operate continuously and stably was designed. Experiments were conducted to reveal the effect of the different working parameters, including the anode diameter, the cooling water temperature, the arc current and the steam flow rate, on its Volt–Ampere characteristics, arc voltage fluctuation, thermal efficiency, jet characteristics and electrodes erosion. Results showed that the use of hot water to cool the electrodes can effectively prevent the condensation of steam on the inner wall of the electrodes, thus significantly reducing the arc voltage fluctuations and electrodes erosion. This is crucial for increasing the working life of the electrodes and ensuring long-term stability of the steam plasma torch. In addition, suitable anode diameter can greatly reduce the arc voltage fluctuation of the steam plasma torch and effectively improve the stability of the steam plasma jet. Furthermore, high arc current can effectively reduce the fluctuations of the arc voltage and increase the length and the volume of the steam plasma jet. Finally, using steam as the plasma forming gas can achieve higher thermal efficiency compared to air. An ideal thermal efficiency can be achieved by properly reducing the arc current and increasing the steam flow rate.

Key words: steam plasma torch, Volt–Ampere characteristics, jet characteristics, arc voltage fluctuation, electrode erosion

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