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Plasma Sci. Technol. ›› 2019, Vol. 21 ›› Issue (7): 075502.doi: 10.1088/2058-6272/ab0d3c

• Plasma Technology • Previous Articles    

Evaluation on a double-chamber gas-liquid phase discharge reactor for benzene degradation

Kefeng SHANG (商克峰)1,2, Qi ZHANG (张琦)2, Na LU (鲁娜)1,2, Nan JIANG (姜楠)1,2, Jie LI (李杰)1,2 and Yan WU (吴彦)1,2   

  

  1. 1 School of Electrical Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024, People’s Republic of China
    2 Key Laboratory of Industrial Ecology and Environmental Engineering, MOE of China, Dalian 116024, People’s Republic of China
  • Received:2018-12-18 Published:2019-03-06
  • Supported by:

    Thanks for the support of National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 21577011).

Abstract:

A double-chamber gas-liquid phase DBD reactor (GLDR), consisting of a gas-phase discharge chamber and a gas-liquid discharge chamber in series, was designed to enhance the degradation of benzene and the emission of NOx. The performance of the GLDR on discharge characteristics, reactive species production and benzene degradation was compared to that of the single-chamber gas phase DBD reactor (GPDR). The effects of discharge gap, applied voltage, initial benzene concentration, gas flow rate and solution conductivity on the degradation and energy yield of benzene in the GLDR were investigated. The GLDR presents a higher discharge power, higher benzene degradation and higher energy yield than that of the GPDR. NO2 emission was remarkably inhibited in the GLDR, possibly due to the dissolution of NO2 in water. The benzene degradation efficiency increased with the applied voltage, but decreased with the initial concentration, gas flow rate, and gas discharge gap, while the solution conductivity presented less influence on benzene degradation. The benzene degradation efficiency and the energy yield reached 61.11% and 1.45 g kWh–1 at 4 mm total gas discharge gap, 15 kV applied voltage, 200 ppm benzene concentration, 0.2 L min−1 gas flow rate and 721 μS cm−1 water conductivity. The intermediates and byproducts during benzene degradation were detected by FT-IR, GC-MS and LC-MS primarily, and phenols, COx, and other aromatic substitutes, O3, NOx, etc, were determined as the main intermediates. According to these detected byproducts, a possible benzene degradation mechanism was proposed.

Key words: dielectric barrier discharge, gas-liquid hybrid discharge, benzene degradation, reactive species, nitrogen dioxide