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Plasma Sci. Technol. ›› 2019, Vol. 21 ›› Issue (8): 085402.doi: 10.1088/2058-6272/ab15a1

• Low Temperature Plasma • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Measurement of  He2* density with an auxiliary measuring electrode in atmospheric pressure plasma jet

Bing QI (齐冰)1, Chunxu QIN (秦春旭)1, Haikun SHANG (尚海昆)1 and Li XIONG (熊莉)2   


  1. 1 Key Laboratory of Modern Power System Simulation and Control & Renewable Energy Technology, Ministry of Education, Northeast Electric Power University, Jilin 132012, People’s Republic of China
    2 College of Biomedical Engineering, Jilin Medical University, Jilin 132013, People’s Republic of China
  • Received:2019-03-07 Revised:2019-03-25 Accepted:2019-04-02 Published:2019-05-08
  • Supported by:

    This study is supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 11105093).


In this study, the density of metastable He2* in an atmospheric-pressure plasma jet operating in helium with 0.001% nitrogen has been measured using an auxiliary measuring electrode technique. In the glow discharge mode, waveforms from two grounding electrodes, including one main discharge electrode and one auxiliary electrode, are captured. The isolated current peak formed by Penning ionization in waveforms from the auxiliary measuring electrode is identified to calculate the density of metastable He2*. In our discharge environment, the helium metastable densities along the jet axis direction are between 2.26 × 1013 and 1.74 × 1013 cm-3, which is in good agreement with the results measured by other techniques. This measurement technique can be conveniently applied to the diagnosis of metastable He2* in an atmospheric-pressure plasma jet array.

Key words: atmospheric plasma jet, dielectric barrier discharge, density of metastable helium