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Plasma Sci. Technol. ›› 2018, Vol. 20 ›› Issue (10): 103001.doi: 10.1088/2058-6272/aacff4

• Review • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Review on reactive species in water treatment using electrical discharge plasma: formation, measurement, mechanisms and mass transfer

Yang CAO (曹洋)1,2, Guangzhou QU (屈广周)1,2, Tengfei LI (李腾飞)1,2, Nan JIANG (姜楠) 3 and Tiecheng WANG (王铁成)1,2   


  1. 1 College of Natural Resources and Environment, Northwest A&F University, Yangling 712100, People’s Republic of China
    2 Key Laboratory of Plant Nutrition and the Agri-environment in Northwest China, Ministry of Agriculture, Yangling 712100, People’s Republic of China
    3 Institute of Electrostatics and Special Power, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024, People’s Republic of China
  • Received:2018-03-20 Published:2018-07-25
  • Supported by:

    The authors thank the Projects funded by National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 51608448 and 21737003), Young Talent Cultivation Scheme Funding of Northwest A&F University (No. Z109021802), and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (No. Z109021617) for their financial support in this research.


In the electrical discharge plasma process, various chemical and physical processes can participate in the removal of contaminants. In this paper, the chemical and physical processes that occur as a result of the electrical discharge plasma are reviewed, and their possible roles in the degradation of contaminants are discussed. Measurement methods for the quantification of important reactive species and their advantages and shortcomings are presented. Approaches on how to enhance the diffusion of the reactive species in solution are examined. In addition, the formation of typical reactive species in different electrical discharge plasma is compared.

Key words: advanced oxidation process, electrical discharge plasma, reactive species, wastewater treatment