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Plasma Sci. Technol. ›› 2018, Vol. 20 ›› Issue (11): 115302.doi: 10.1088/2058-6272/aac8d4

• Astrophysics and Space Plasma • Previous Articles     Next Articles

PMSE dependence on frequency observed simultaneously with VHF and UHF radars in the presence of precipitation

Safi ULLAH, Hailong LI (李海龙), Abdur RAUF, Lin MENG (蒙林), Bin WANG (王彬) and Maoyan WANG (王茂琰)   

  1. School of Electronic Science and Engineering, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu 610054, People’s Republic of China
  • Received:2018-03-14 Published:2018-05-30
  • Supported by:
    This work is supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 41104097 and 41304119) and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (Nos. ZYGX2015J039, ZYGX2015J037, and ZYGX2015J041).

Abstract: Using PMSE (polar mesosphere summer echoes) observations in combination with particle flux measurements obtained with detectors onboard the Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite (GOES) a special condition is shown for the occurrence of rare observed UHF PMSE. When electron flux observed from GOES satellites show a decrease, then after being in the presence of precipitation UHF PMSE occurs. The heating effect on PMSE is small when the UHF electron density is enhanced at 90 km due to particle precipitation. We analyzed and compared the frequency dependence of PMSE under the condition of high energy particle precipitation in July of 2004 and 2007 at well separated frequencies (224 and 930 MHz) at the same site, height, and time. The frequency index varies with height and time. At different heights, the maximum as well as the minimum value of volume reflectivity at VHF is greater than that at UHF with 2 to 3 orders of magnitude. A new qualitative method for the analysis of dust distribution is used by analyzing the relationship between volume reflectivity and frequency index. In agreement with the results of the model it is shown that dust particles of smaller size generally did not occur at the edges, instead they occurred in the middle PMSE regions.

Key words: polar mesosphere summer echoes (PMSE), volume reflectivity, ionospheric disturbances