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Plasma Sci. Technol. ›› 2018, Vol. 20 ›› Issue (11): 115501.doi: 10.1088/2058-6272/aac647

• Plasma Technology • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Atmospheric pressure gliding arc discharge plasma treatments for improving germination, growth and yield of wheat

N C ROY 1, M M HASAN 2, A H KABIR 3, M A REZA 4, M R TALUKDER 1 and A N CHOWDHURY 5   

  

  1. 1 Plasma Science and Technology Laboratory, Department of Applied Physics and Electronic Engineering, University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi 6205, Bangladesh
    2 Department of Agronomy and Agricultural Extension, University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi 6205, Bangladesh
    3 Department of Botany, University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi 6205, Bangladesh
    4 Department of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi 6205, Bangladesh
    5 Bangladesh Council of Scientific and Industrial Research Laboratory Rajshahi, Rajshahi 6206, Bangladesh
  • Received:2018-03-14 Published:2018-05-17
  • Supported by:

    Partial financial support has been provided by the Ministry of Science and Technology, Republic of Bangladesh: 39.00.0000.09.06.79.2017/2/98ES.

Abstract:

 Wheat (Triticum aestivum) seeds were treated with atmospheric pressure gliding arc discharge plasmas to investigate the effects on water absorption, seed germination rate, seedling growth and yield in wheat. The surface architectures and functionalities of the seeds were found to modify due to plasma treatments. 6min treatment was provided 95%–100% germination rate. For the treatment duration of 3 and 9 min the growth activity, dry matter accumulation, leaves chlorophyll contents, longest spikes, number of spikes/spikelet and total soluble protein content in shoots were improved. The grain yield of wheat was increased ∼20% by 6min treatment with H 2 O/O 2 plasma with respect to control.

Key words: atmospheric pressure gliding arc discharge plasmas, wheat, germination, growth improvement, total soluble protein