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Plasma Sci. Technol. ›› 2018, Vol. 20 ›› Issue (4): 044012.doi: 10.1088/2058-6272/aaacc6

• Plasma Biomedicine • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Non-thermal plasma treatment as a new biotechnology in relation to seeds, dry fruits, and grains

Bozena ŠERÁ1,2 and Michal ŠERÝ3   


  1. 1 Comenius University in Bratislava, Faculty of Natural Sciences, Department of Landscape Ecology, Ilkovicova 6, Bratislava 842 48, Slovakia 2 University of South Bohemia, Faculty of Education, Department of Biology, Jeronymova 10, Ceské Budějovice, Czechia 3 University of South Bohemia, Faculty of Education, Department of Applied Physics and Technics, Jeronymova 10, Ceské Budějovice, Czechia
  • Received:2017-10-07 Published:2018-02-02
  • Supported by:

    This work is supported by the Slovak Grant Agency for Science (Grant No. VEGA 1/0628/15) and by the Slovak Research and Development Agency (Grant No. ERDF SPECTRA+?20240120002).


Non-thermal plasma (NTP) technology offers wide potential use in the food technology, the same as in the unconventional agriculture. Some seeds, dry fruits, grains and their sprouts gain popularity in the culinary industry as ‘raw seeds’. This review paper draws the current research and trends in NTP pre-treatment of selected seeds/fruits that are useable as ‘raw seeds’. The main applications are connected with activation of seed germination, early growth of seedlings, microbial inactivation of seed/fruit surface, and possibility of increasing quantity of biological active compounds in sprouting seeds. The paper presents a list of plant species that are able to be used as ‘raw seed’ including current information about main type of NTP treatment implemented.

Key words: biotechnology, early growth, plasma technology, low-pressure discharge, microbiological inactivation, seed modification