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Plasma Sci. Technol. ›› 2018, Vol. 20 ›› Issue (8): 085402.doi: 10.1088/2058-6272/aabb9f

• Low Temperature Plasma • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Bended probe diagnostics of the plasma characteristics within an ECR ion source with a rectangular waveguide

Juan YANG (杨涓), Yuliang FU (付瑜亮), Xianchuang LIU (刘宪闯), Haibo MENG (孟海波) and Yizhou JIN (金逸舟)   


  1. School of Astronautic, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi’an 710072, People’s Republic of China
  • Received:2017-12-30 Published:2018-04-04
  • Supported by:

    The authors acknowledge the financial support of National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 11475137).


To reveal the argon plasma characteristics within the entire region of an electron cyclotron resonance (ECR) ion source, the plasma parameters were diagnosed using a bended Langmuir probe with the filament axis perpendicular to the diagnosing plane. Experiments indicate that, with a gas volume flow rate and incident microwave power of 4 sccm and 8.8 W, respectively, the gas was ionized to form plasma with a luminous ring. When the incident microwave power was above 27 W, the luminous ring was converted to a bright column, the dark area near its axis was narrowed, and the microwave power absorbing efficiency was increased. This indicates that there was a mode transition phenomenon in this ECR ion source when the microwave power increased. The diagnosis shows that, at an incident microwave power of 17.4 W, the diagnosed electron temperature and ion density were below 8 eV and 3 × 1017 m−3, respectively, while at incident microwave power levels of 30 W and 40 W, the maximum electron temperature and ion density were above 11 eV and 6.8 × 1017 m−3, respectively. Confined by magnetic mirrors, the higher density plasma region had a bow shape, which coincided with the magnetic field lines but deviated from the ECR layer.

Key words: ECR plasma, probe diagnosing, ion thruster